Saturday, September 10, 2011

Airships and balloons of the 19th century

In late 1800, we have seen progress in the balloon, following the flight of the Montgolfier in 1783. Therefore, popular around the world by mid century. Jean-Pierre Blanchard famous for balloon flights across Europe and America, despite many failed attempts to create an ornithopter. In 1785, John-John Jeffries Pierre, a doctor in the English Channel. Also membership of the exhibition in Philadelphia in 1793, none other than George Washington was there to witness the event.

John Wise, is the balloon for the first time in America and have the privilege of being trained by Jean-Pierre. John Wise went on to train many others in the United States. This promotes the interests of the whole American world. Jean-Pierre died in a parachuting from a balloon pilot in 1809. During the Civil War, four balloons are placed at strategic locations to observe and talk later telegram the rest of the world. Confederation has the potential for world recognition, trying to start a program, but failed. To make the wolf in the observation Thaddeus Lowe ideas and used as a pivot for the telegraph-mails between White House and the wolf.

Propellers balloon came after Jean-Pierre and John Jeffries to cross the English Channel. English Channel became famous and the target in the history of aviation.

The art of aerial photography over a balloon caused Felix Tournachon (Swimming) from France. A complete photo lab is taken, even in a big balloon. Felix was best known during the siege in 1870, where mail and passengers jumped out of Paris.

During the late 19th century, made a trial balloon over the North Pole. An attempt was made July 11, 1897 by Salomon August Andrée and two others, the launch of Spitzbergen. All three never raised again in an expedition in 1930, they found the frozen corpses. They realized that the balloon accident in the ice and freezing when trying to walk back to civilization.

Propulsion system for the balloon is supported by the ball under control must go. Many engineers saw fit to put the propeller and immediately started working. This birth can handle. The first successful flight was on September 24, 1852. Henri Giffard conceptualized design cigars. It's full of hydrogen and has a steam engine. As expected, running smoothly at high speed 5 miles per hour.

Thaddeus Lowe developed the first ball that is used for observation during the Civil War in Virginia in Fair Oaks. LZ4 is the pride of Germany, but in an effort to break the endurance record broken. During the Civil War, a German army general who is known as the Ferdinand von Zeppelin has seen extensive use of the world. Count von Zeppelin, along with chief engineer Ludwig Durr, creating a 420-foot balloon, which is designed for those people.

A number of governments can be successful flight occurred toward the end of 1880. He moved to Germany to think the possibility of using aircraft as a means of transportation. The experiment went on to have two models, one for gasoline engines and cover with aluminum foil another. Unfortunately, damage to both flight tests in 1897.


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